Report on the Audit of the Financial Statements
In our opinion, Redrow plc’s Group financial statements and Company financial statements (the “financial statements”):
- give a true and fair view of the state of the Group’s and of the Company’s affairs as at 30 June 2019 and of the Group’s profit and the Group’s and the Company’s cash flows for the year then ended;
- have been properly prepared in accordance with International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRSs) as adopted by the European Union and, as regards the Company’s financial statements, as applied in accordance with the provisions of the Companies Act 2006; and
- have been prepared in accordance with the requirements of the Companies Act 2006 and, as regards the Group financial statements, Article 4 of the IAS Regulation.
We have audited the financial statements, included within the 2019 Annual Report (the “Annual Report”), which comprise: the Group and Company balance sheets as at 30 June 2019; the consolidated income statement, the Group and Company statements of comprehensive income, the Group and Company statements of cash flows, and the Group and Company statements of changes in equity for the 12 month period then ended; the accounting policies; and the notes to the financial statements.
Our opinion is consistent with our reporting to the Audit Committee.
Basis for Opinion
We conducted our audit in accordance with International Standards on Auditing (UK) (“ISAs (UK)”) and applicable law. Our responsibilities under ISAs (UK) are further described in the Auditors’ responsibilities for the audit of the financial statements section of our report. We believe that the audit evidence we have obtained is sufficient and appropriate to provide a basis for our opinion.
We remained independent of the Group in accordance with the ethical requirements that are relevant to our audit of the financial statements in the UK, which includes the FRC’s Ethical Standard, as applicable to listed public interest entities, and we have fulfilled our other ethical responsibilities in accordance with these requirements.
To the best of our knowledge and belief, we declare that non-audit services prohibited by the FRC’s Ethical Standard were not provided to the Group or the Company.
Other than those disclosed in note 2 to the financial statements, we have provided no non-audit services to the Group or the Company in the period from 1 July 2018 to 30 June 2019.
Our Audit Approach
The scope of our audit
As part of designing our audit, we determined materiality and assessed the risks of material misstatement in the financial statements.
Capability of the audit in detecting irregularities, including fraud
Based on our understanding of the Group and industry, we identified that the principal risks of non-compliance with laws and regulations related to the London Stock Exchange Listing Rules, UK Health and Safety legislation, UK pensions legislation and UK tax legislation, and we considered the extent to which non-compliance might have a material effect on the financial statements. We also considered those laws and regulations that have a direct impact on the preparation of the financial statements such as the Companies Act 2006. We evaluated management’s incentives and opportunities for fraudulent manipulation of the financial statements (including the risk of override of controls), and determined that the principal risks were related to bonus targets and long term incentive plan of key management, where there may be incentive for manipulation of profits, which could be achieved through the manipulation of estimates such as inventory provisions and accruals. Audit procedures performed by the Group engagement team included:
- Discussions with management, including consideration of known or suspected instances of non-compliance with laws and regulation and fraud;
- Challenging assumptions and judgements made by management in their significant accounting estimates (see procedures outlined in the key audit matters section of our report); and
- Identifying and testing journal entries, in particular any journal entries posted with unusual account combinations including journal entries which inflated the Group's results for the period with unusual offset entries and journal entries impacting work in progress with unusual offset entries to detect any unusual capitalisation of costs.
There are inherent limitations in the audit procedures described above and the further removed non-compliance with laws and regulations is from the events and transactions reflected in the financial statements, the less likely we would become aware of it. Also, the risk of not detecting a material misstatement due to fraud is higher than the risk of not detecting one resulting from error, as fraud may involve deliberate concealment by, for example, forgery or intentional misrepresentations, or through collusion.
Key audit matters
Key audit matters are those matters that, in the auditors’ professional judgement, were of most significance in the audit of the financial statements of the current period and include the most significant assessed risks of material misstatement (whether or not due to fraud) identified by the auditors, including those which had the greatest effect on: the overall audit strategy; the allocation of resources in the audit; and directing the efforts of the engagement team. These matters, and any comments we make on the results of our procedures thereon, were addressed in the context of our audit of the financial statements as a whole, and in forming our opinion thereon, and we do not provide a separate opinion on these matters. This is not a complete list of all risks identified by our audit.
|Key audit matter||How our audit addressed the key audit matter|
|Valuation of inventory|
See the Accounting Policies for the Directors’ disclosures of related accounting policies and key accounting estimates. See note 13 for the detailed disclosures on the inventory balance at year end.
The Group holds inventory in the form of land for development, work in progress and show homes with a carrying value of £2,297m, net of provisions.
The carrying value of inventory is determined by reference to a number of assumptions and judgements, which are subject to levels of estimation. These include regular updates to site appraisals for latest sales prices and costs to complete, the availability of mortgage financing for customers, the availability of Government schemes aiding first-time buyers, and assessments of
the likelihood of obtaining planning permission on land held for development.
Changes in any of these key judgements could lead to a material change in the carrying value of inventory.
We obtained a detailed understanding of management’s process for preparing a forecast for each site, this being the basis for profit recognition in the Consolidated Income Statement.
We tested management’s control over the approval of the initial forecast and monitoring of changes to forecasts over the course of development of the site.
We tested management’s controls over the process for estimating the expected remaining build costs, including the budgeting and review processes.
We have also attended a divisional commercial meeting as well as reviewed evidence throughout the year of meetings held to understand and observe the process for discussing build progress at individual sites, updating cost to complete accruals, investigating build variances, and any potential issues with planning permission on sites held.
We inspected evidence of the Board’s review of divisional management’s forecast sales prices.
We have observed a sample of site assessments performed at month ends to determine the progress of the site build.
We did not identify any significant deficiencies of control during these procedures.
We reviewed management’s forecasts to identify any non-profitable sites, assessing management’s assumptions relating to these sites and ensuring adequate provisions were included for them. We compared forecast sales prices to actual prices achieved post year-end and assessed the accuracy of management’s historical forecasts by comparing net realisable values recognised in the prior year with actual sales prices achieved in the current year. All sites
identified through this procedure or requiring a provision were included in management’s provision.
We tested a sample of additions and land for development to purchase documentation and traced payments made to bank.
For significant sites that have not yet been developed, we considered the latest stage of planning applications and assessed the accuracy of management’s historical estimates by comparing previous estimated impairments to actual outturns achieved. We did not identify any material differences between management’s estimations and actual results achieved.
No material differences were identified from our testing performed.
|Valuation of pension scheme surplus|
|(Group and Company)|
See the Accounting Policies for the Directors’ disclosures of related accounting policies and key accounting estimates. See note 7e for the detailed disclosures on the pension scheme surplus.
The Group operates a defined benefit pension scheme with a net surplus of £18 million at the year end. This surplus is derived from assets with a gross value of £148 million less the present value of obligations of £130 million, both of which are significant in the context of the overall balance sheet and the results of the Group.
The valuation of this net surplus is dependent on the application of significant judgements in the actuarial assumptions, in particular discount rates, future Retail Price Index (‘RPI’) inflation and mortality rates, and the expected returns on investments.
Changes in any of the key actuarial assumptions could lead to a material movement in the calculated net surplus.
We obtained and read the IAS19 valuation report that was prepared by the Group’s independent firm of actuaries and used by the Directors in calculating the value of the Group’s surplus in respect of the defined benefit pension scheme.
We have considered the pension scheme membership data provided to management’s actuary in relation to deferred members on which the pension surplus is calculated.
We used our own actuarial experts to assess the judgemental assumptions within the valuation report, specifically the discount rate, future RPI inflation, mortality rates and expected returns on investments. The results of our audit work indicated that the financial and demographic assumptions were within a reasonable range.
We reviewed management’s assessment of the right to recognise the net pension surplus under the requirements of IFRIC 14 and in light of the Scheme Rules are satisfied that it is appropriate to recognise the surplus.
No material differences were identified from our testing performed.
How we tailored the audit scope
We tailored the scope of our audit to ensure that we performed enough work to be able to give an opinion on the financial statements as a whole, taking into account the structure of the Group and the Company, the accounting processes and controls, and the industry in which they operate.
As part of designing our audit, we determined materiality and assessed the risks of material misstatement in the financial statements. In particular, we looked at where the Directors made subjective judgements, for example in respect of significant accounting estimates that involved making assumptions and considering future events that are inherently uncertain.
The scope of our audit was influenced by our application of materiality. We set certain quantitative thresholds for materiality. These, together with qualitative considerations, helped us to determine the scope of our audit and the nature, timing and extent of our audit procedures on the individual financial statement line items and disclosures and in evaluating the effect of misstatements, both individually and in aggregate on the financial statements as a whole.
Based on our professional judgement, we determined materiality for the financial statements as a whole as follows:
|Group financial statements||Company financial statements|
|Overall materiality||£20.3 million (2018: £19.0 million).||£11.2 million (2018: £7.8 million).|
|How we determined it||5% of profit before tax.||1% of total assets.|
|Rationale for benchmark applied||We believe that profit before tax is the primary measure used by the shareholders in assessing the performance of the Group, and is a generally accepted auditing benchmark.||We believe that total assets is the primary measure used by the shareholders in assessing the position of the Holding Company, and is a generally accepted auditing benchmark.|
For each component in the scope of our Group audit, we allocated a materiality that is less than our overall Group materiality. The range of materiality allocated across components was between £1.4 million and £17.1 million. Certain components were audited to a local statutory audit materiality that was also less than our overall Group materiality.
We agreed with the Audit Committee that we would report to them misstatements identified during our audit above £1.0 million (Group audit) (2018: £0.9 million) and £0.6 million (Company audit) (2018: £0.4 million) as well as misstatements below those amounts that, in our view, warranted reporting for qualitative reasons.
In accordance with ISAs (UK) we report as follows:
|We are required to report if we have anything material to add or draw attention to in respect of the Directors’ statement in the financial statements about whether the directors considered it appropriate to adopt the going concern basis of accounting in preparing the financial statements and the Directors’ identification of any material uncertainties to the Group’s and the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern over a period of at least twelve months from the date of approval of the financial statements.||
We have nothing material to add or to draw attention to.
However, because not all future events or conditions can be predicted, this statement is not a guarantee as to the Group’s and the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern. For example, the terms on which the United Kingdom may withdraw from the European Union are not clear, and it is difficult to evaluate all of the potential implications on the Group’s trade, customers, suppliers and the wider economy.
|We are required to report if the Directors’ statement relating to going concern in accordance with Listing Rule 9.8.6R(3) is materially inconsistent with our knowledge obtained in the audit.||We have nothing to report.|
Reporting on Other Information
The other information comprises all of the information in the Annual Report other than the financial statements and our auditors’ report thereon. The Directors are responsible for the other information. Our opinion on the financial statements does not cover the other information and, accordingly, we do not express an audit opinion or, except to the extent otherwise explicitly stated in this report, any form of assurance thereon.
In connection with our audit of the financial statements, our responsibility is to read the other information and, in doing so, consider whether the other information is materially inconsistent with the financial statements or our knowledge obtained in the audit, or otherwise appears to be materially misstated. If we identify an apparent material inconsistency or material misstatement, we are required to perform procedures to conclude whether there is a material misstatement of the financial statements or a material misstatement of the other information. If, based on the work we have performed, we conclude that there is a material misstatement of this other information, we are required to report that fact. We have nothing to report based on these responsibilities.
With respect to the Strategic Report and Directors’ Report, we also considered whether the disclosures required by the UK Companies Act 2006 have been included.
Based on the responsibilities described above and our work undertaken in the course of the audit, the Companies Act 2006 (CA06), ISAs (UK) and the Listing Rules of the Financial Conduct Authority (FCA) require us also to report certain opinions and matters as described below (required by ISAs (UK) unless otherwise stated).
In our opinion, based on the work undertaken in the course of the audit, the information given in the Strategic Report and Directors’ Report for the year ended 30 June 2019 is consistent with the financial statements and has been prepared in accordance with applicable legal requirements. (CA06)
In light of the knowledge and understanding of the Group and Company and their environment obtained in the course of the audit, we did not identify any material misstatements in the Strategic Report and Directors’ Report. (CA06)
We have nothing material to add or draw attention to regarding:
We have nothing to report having performed a review of the Directors’ statement that they have carried out a robust assessment of the principal risks facing the Group and statement in relation to the longer-term viability of the Group. Our review was substantially less in scope than an audit and only consisted of making inquiries and considering the Directors’ process supporting their statements; checking that the statements are in alignment with the relevant provisions of the UK Corporate Governance Code (the “Code”); and considering whether the statements are consistent with the knowledge and understanding of the Group and Company and their environment obtained in the course of the audit. (Listing Rules)
We have nothing to report in respect of our responsibility to report when:
In our opinion, the part of the Directors’ Remuneration Report to be audited has been properly prepared in accordance with the Companies Act 2006. (CA06)
Responsibilities for the Financial Statements and the Audit
Responsibilities of the directors for the financial statements
As explained more fully in the Statement of Directors' Responsibilities set out on page 86, the Directors are responsible for the preparation of the financial statements in accordance with the applicable framework and for being satisfied that they give a true and fair view. The Directors are also responsible for such internal control as they determine is necessary to enable the preparation of financial statements that are free from material misstatement, whether due to fraud or error.
In preparing the financial statements, the Directors are responsible for assessing the Group’s and the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern, disclosing as applicable, matters related to going concern and using the going concern basis of accounting unless the Directors either intend to liquidate the Group or the Company or to cease operations, or have no realistic alternative but to do so.
Auditors’ responsibilities for the audit of the financial statements
Our objectives are to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements as a whole are free from material misstatement, whether due to fraud or error, and to issue an auditors’ report that includes our opinion. Reasonable assurance is a high level of assurance, but is not a guarantee that an audit conducted in accordance with ISAs (UK) will always detect a material misstatement when it exists. Misstatements can arise from fraud or error and are considered material if, individually or in the aggregate, they could reasonably be expected to influence the economic decisions of users taken on the basis of these financial statements.
A further description of our responsibilities for the audit of the financial statements is located on the FRC’s website at: www.frc.org.uk/auditorsresponsibilities. This description forms part of our auditors’ report.
Use of this report
This report, including the opinions, has been prepared for and only for the Company’s members as a body in accordance with Chapter 3 of Part 16 of the Companies Act 2006 and for no other purpose. We do not, in giving these opinions, accept or assume responsibility for any other purpose or to any other person to whom this report is shown or into whose hands it may come save where expressly agreed by our prior consent in writing.
Other Required Reporting
Companies Act 2006 exception reporting
Under the Companies Act 2006 we are required to report to you if, in our opinion:
- we have not received all the information and explanations we require for our audit; or
- adequate accounting records have not been kept by the Company, or returns adequate for our audit have not been received from branches not visited by us; or
- certain disclosures of directors’ remuneration specified by law are not made; or
- the Company financial statements and the part of the Directors’ Remuneration Report to be audited are not in agreement with the accounting records and returns.
We have no exceptions to report arising from this responsibility.
Following the recommendation of the Audit Committee, we were appointed by the members on 5 January 1987 to audit the financial statements for the year ended 30 June 1987 and subsequent financial periods. The period of total uninterrupted engagement is 33 years, covering the years ended 30 June 1987 to 30 June 2019.
Senior Statutory Auditor
for and on behalf of PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP
Chartered Accountants and Statutory Auditors
4 September 2019